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Structure Details
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Structure Name: Chipchase Castle

Description:
 
Jacobean manor house incorporating a 14th century tower house to the rear. The manor is on an E-shaped plan, with seven bays and three storeys to the heavily-ornamented main front and left return, the right and rear being two storeys. The extremely well preserved tower is of four storeys, with machicolated parapet and corner bartizans. The main entrance unusually still has the original wooden portcullis.
 

Extant: Yes

Legal Status: Listed Building Grade I, Scheduled Ancient Monument

Location: Chipchase Castle, NORTHUMBERLAND

Eastings: 388230m (view map)

Northings: 575730m (view map)

Position Accuracy: 100m

Positional Confidence: Absolute Certainty

Structure Types Identified: COUNTRY HOUSE, MANOR HOUSE, TOWER HOUSE

Historical Background
 
Although the precise date of construction is unknown, the tower of Chipchase Castle was definitely extant in 1415. By 1541 a house had been added to the tower, but it was not until 1621 that the addition of the Jacobean manor (no exterior sign of which remains, thanks to later alteration) completed the construction of Chipchase Castle.
 

Chronology:

  • MID 14TH CENTURY   Construction of a large tower house.
  • 1541   Record of a stone house adjoining the tower to the east.
  • 1621   Jacobean manor house added to the tower.
        Entities Involved:
              Heron, Cuthbert: Commissioned work.
  • MID 18TH CENTURY   Tower given classical façade to unify it with the rest of the house. Right return and rear of house refaced.
  • 1734 - 1754   Major alterations made to the house, including 12-pane sash windows installed in recessed sections of main front to 'georganize' the house.
        Entities Involved:
              Reed, John: Commissioned work.
  • 1784   Lower ranges at the back of the castle built or rebuilt.
        Entities Involved:
              Dodds, John: Architect.
              Reed, John: Commissioned work.
  • EARLY 19TH CENTURY   Service wing added to northwest corner of the house.
  • 1819   Windows inserted with mullions and transoms, probably by John Dobson.
        Entities Involved:
              Dobson, John: Architect.

References:

  • Images of England
  • Keys To The Past
  • Northumberland SMR
  • Pevsner, N., Richmond, I., Grundy, J., McCombie, G., Ryder, P. and Welfare, H. (2001) The Buildings of England: Northumberland. London, Penguin Books, pp.230-232

The information displayed in this page has been derived from authoritative sources, including any referenced above. Although substantial efforts were made to verify this information, the SINE project cannot guarantee its correctness or completeness.

 


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Last Modified 26 March 2004
2002 SINE Project, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
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