Listed Building Grade I, Scheduled Ancient Monument
- Ruined castle atop a large earthen mound (90m in diameter at the base), representing the motte of an earlier motte and bailey fortification. The ruins include a long stretch of curtain wall with a tower fragment at one end, and sections of the keep.
CASTLE, CURTAIN WALL, MOTTE AND BAILEY, SHELL KEEP
- Historical Background
- The first castle at Harbottle was an earth and timber motte and bailey, which was rebuilt in stone in the 13th century. Between then and the 16th century Harbottle Castle came under threat a number of times, including capture by Robert the Bruce in 1318.
By the end of the 16th century the castle was falling into disrepair, and within 100 years the stone had been largely robbed out by local builders.
- 1160 Construction of motte and bailey castle.
- 1173 - 1174 Castle taken by Scots.
- 13TH CENTURY AD Castle rebuilt in stone.
- 1318 Castle captured by Robert the Bruce.
Bruce, Robert: Waged war on England.
- 1336 Castle restored.
- 1351 Castle in ruins.
- 1400 Castle once again defensible.
- 1541 - 1551 Shell keep rebuilt.
- 1541 Extensive rebuilding of castle.
- 1563 Continued repairs.
- 17TH CENTURY AD Stone taken to build the new Harbottle Castle, a manor house to the east end of Harbottle village.
- 1990s Excavations by the Department of Archaeology, University of Newcastle.
Department of Archaeology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne: Led excavations.
Images of England
Keys To The Past
- Northumberland SMR
- Pevsner, N., Richmond, I., Grundy, J., McCombie, G., Ryder, P. and Welfare, H. (2001) The Buildings of England: Northumberland. London, Penguin Books, p.302
The information displayed in this page has been derived from authoritative
sources, including any referenced above. Although substantial efforts
were made to verify this information, the SINE project cannot guarantee
its correctness or completeness.